Achilles tendinitis is a common overuse injury caused by an excessive stretching or tearing of the Achilles tendon in an acute context. This can lead to a sudden injury, or in the worst case, can cause a rupture of the Achilles tendon. In both cases, a lack of flexibility or a stiff Achilles tendon can increase the risk of these injuries.
Achilles tendonitis is a degenerative change of the Achilles Tendon associated with pain and often with the thickening of the tendon. It is common in athletes, but it also occurs in nonathletes. Surgical specimens show a range of degenerative changes of the affected tendon, such as changes in tendon fiber structure and arrangement as well as an increase in glycosaminoglycans, which may explain the swelling of the tendon.
The cause of Achilles tendonitis is still unclear. Straining the tendon during physical exercise has been seen as one of the biggest pathological stimuli. Systematic overloading of the Achilles tendon above his physiological limit can cause a micro-trauma.
A tendon heals in essentially the same way as soft tissue, going through the same inflammatory phase (1–7 days of injury), proliferative phase (7–21 days), and remodeling phase (three weeks to one year). Despite collagen maturation and remodeling, tendons are biochemically and metabolically less active than bone and muscle.
Dublin Sports Injury Clinic is a Physical Therapy Clinic based in Pearse Street, Dublin 2. We have a holistic approach to our assessment and treatment. The initial assessment helps us to explore the cause of your injury and help you to get pain free shortly and stop any further injuries. We will design a customized training program for you to start with, and we will coach you and monitor your progress closely. We will prescribe relative rest or modified activities as required. Depending on the individual requirement, we apply manual therapy accompanied by stretching to restore tissue elasticity and reduce the strain in the muscle-tendon unit with joint motion.
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Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. You can contact us if you would like to book an appointment or get some advice from our therapist.
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